Next conference : 9th International Conference on Urban Climate, 20th-24th July 2015
Title: Scientific practices within the urban climate research field: « Drastic interdisciplinary » between social and natural sciences
Géraldine Molina (1), Anne Bernabé (2), Valéry Masson (3) and Julia Hidalgo (4) (1) IRSTV (FR CNRS 2488 – École Centrale de Nantes) – CERMA (ENSAN – UMR CNRS 1563), Nantes, France, (2) LEEHA (ECN – UMR CNRS 6598), Nantes, France, (3) GAME/CNRM, Météo-France & CNRS, 42 Av G. Coriolis, 31057 Toulouse, France, (4) LISST, Université Toulouse II – Le Mirail, 5, allées Antonio-Machado, 31058 Toulouse, France
Speaker : Géraldine Molina
Keywords: scientific practices, interdisciplinary dynamics, working methods, methodology, disciplinary identity, urban climate
Abstract: Urban micro-climate is the perfect archetype of environmental concerns complexity. We propose a reflection on the scientific practices overturning when researchers invest this topic. The urban climate research field implies new compositions/relations between professional worlds: 1) between researchers and urban stakeholders 2) between researchers from different scientific traditions and disciplinary families unaccustomed to work together. In the last decade, interdisciplinary collectives of French researches developed studies on urban climate issues at different scales (city, city blocks, buildings, etc.)  creating new interfaces between social sciences (sociology, anthropology, geography) and physical sciences or natural sciences (the atmospheric physics, urban engineering or building energy management). To explore the drastic interdisciplinary dynamics and reveal the mechanisms of « science in the making » (Latour, 1989), we did an investigation on the French research context on urban climate. How those new interdisciplinary consortiums are organizing to challenge the emerging environmental concerns? To answer this central issue, our contribution is divided into three main steps.1) We first explain the scientific implications on the urban climate thematic. 2) From the feedbacks of researchers involved in this collective adventure, we identify the main issues, brakes and friction points observed in this drastic interdisciplinary meeting. 3) We finally point out the levers and facilitators to develop interdisciplinary dynamics (e.g. the overrun of mutual stereotypes, the establishment of a common language, or the proposal of innovative methodologies crossing physic phenomena and social dynamics).
 G. Molina, V. Masson, A. Bernabé, J. Hidalgo, Quand une question environnementale bouleverse les pratiques scientifiques : interdisciplinarité et interprofessionnalité radicales autour du climat urbain, article to be published.
 Including the folowing programs : ANR EUREQUA, ANR MaPuce, ANR ENERGIHAB, ANR VegDUD, ANR MUSCADE, ANR ACCLIMAT, PIRVE, or the TIPEE platform